Friday, June 26, 2020
Reading Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ is like being drawn into the imaginary world of someone who is slowly leaving reality behind them. The short story is written as a kind of journal of the narrator as she becomes more and more detached from her family and her life. The reader sees only the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, but her jumbled and paranoid thoughts are enough to make it clear that her viewpoint is far out of touch with the truth.A main theme of GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s work seems to be that the role traditionally available to females is not fulfilling enough to keep a relatively normal woman sane. As evidenced by the outlook of the central male character in the story, the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s husband John, a female is a sort of delicate adornment for the home not a living, breathing person with dreams, struggles, and needs. The more the narrator conforms to this belief, the more she loses her grip on reality.From page one, GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s narrator offers examples of her hus bands belittling attitude. She writes, Ã¢â¬Å"John laughs at me, of course, but one expects that.Ã¢â¬ While certainly any loving, happy marriage will be filled with laughter, this is not friendly camaraderie: this is the kind of condescending laughter that says, Ã¢â¬Å"You are only a woman.Ã¢â¬ John treats the narrator like a child, even directly addressing her as Ã¢â¬Å"little girlÃ¢â¬ on several occasions. When discussing her illness, rather than supporting his wife through her difficulties, John Ã¢â¬Å"assures friends and relatives that there is really nothing the matter with [her] but temporary nervous depression Ã¢â¬â a slight hysterical tendency.Ã¢â¬ John seems to view her as dimension-less, consisting only of a physical body. She writes, Ã¢â¬Å"John does not know how much I really suffer. He knows there is no reason to suffer, and that satisfies him.Ã¢â¬ Her husband is confident that there is nothing medically wrong with her, and therefore ignores her deep emotional pain.One of the most visible ways John treats the narrator as a emotionless possession, rather than as an equal, is by forbidding her to write. John would rather Ã¢â¬Å"put fireworks in [her] pillowcaseÃ¢â¬ than allow her too much stimulation in her condition. However, it is clear that this rule does the narrator more harm than good. At this point, she still views herself as more than an object. She ignores Johns rule, and he inadvertently causes her to exhaust herself further because now must work twice as hard to be sure she keeps her pastime hidden. She writes, Ã¢â¬Å"It does exhaust me a good deal Ã¢â¬â having to be so sly about it, or else meet with heavy opposition.Ã¢â¬ This prescription against writing negatively affects the narrator in another important way. She interrupts a train of thoughts about the wallpaper with, Ã¢â¬Å"There comes John, and I must put this away Ã¢â¬â he hates to have me write a word.Ã¢â¬ In a way, John is responsi ble for the thoughts that lead her deeper and deeper into lunacy. Perhaps if she were only able to sit and peacefully write about the wallpaper without interruption and fear, she would be able to better comprehend her feelings and avoid her spiral into insanity.In a very telling statement, the narrator writes, Ã¢â¬Å"I have a scheduled prescription for each hour in the day; [John] takes all care from me, and so I feel basely ungrateful not to value it more.Ã¢â¬ It is important to notice that she does not write that John Ã¢â¬Å"takes care of everything for meÃ¢â¬ or that John Ã¢â¬Å"handles everything for me.Ã¢â¬ She says rather that Ã¢â¬Å"he takes all care from me.Ã¢â¬ The implication is that she is not freely offering something to him; he takes Ã¢â¬Å"all careÃ¢â¬ (control) completely out of his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s hands and schedules an activity for her for each hour of the day. While John likely feels he is doing this because he loves her Ã¢â¬â for her own good he is still forcing her to conform to his worldview and think of herself as under him. As the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s illness worsens, John requires less and less of her: Ã¢â¬Å"Jennie sees to everything now.Ã¢â¬ Like the creeping woman in the wallpaper, the narrator is trying to escape from the world John has created for her. She is, essentially, bored to the point of having a complete breakdown. As she becomes what John wants Ã¢â¬â less a person and more an adornment Ã¢â¬â she drifts further and further into her delusions. However, in a way, her delusions are empowering, ultimately giving her the strength to stand up to John. She even refers to him as Ã¢â¬Å"young man,Ã¢â¬ returning his belittling address from earlier in the story.
Saturday, May 30, 2020
Chemical removal of lead (Research Paper Sample) Content: Griffith School of Engineering 7404ENG Advanced Water Wastewater Engg. Assignment Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" ***** ÃâÃ Remediation Methods for Lead Course Convener: **** Submitted By - ****** Table of Contents 1 Remediation Methods for Lead2 1.1 Introduction2 1.2 Sources of Lead3 1.3 Environmental and Health impacts of Lead3 2.0 Removal of Lead from water4 2.1 Conventional Methods of Lead removal4 2.1.1 Ion-Exchange for Lead Removal 2.1.2 Reverse Osmosis 2.1.3 Distillation 2.1.4 Electro Coagulation/ flocculation 2.1.5 Filtration 2.1.6 Use of Iron ions and Precipitation by sulphates /phosphates 2.2 Advanced Studies and Research Methods of Lead Removal 2.2.1 Ammonium Pyrrolidine Dithio Carbamate (APDC) on Symphoricarpus albusÃâÃ biomass for lead(II) removal 2.2.2 Faujasite Tuff for removing lead 2.2.3 Use of Tridax Procumbens for Removal of Lead 2.2.3 Emulsion Liquid Membrane for Lead removal (ELM) 2.2.4 Lead Removal using Brevundimonas Vesicularis 2.2.5 Use of Copper (II) Polymethacrylate resulting from Gamma Radiation for Lead Removal 2.2.6 Formation of Zeolite from oil shale for Pb Removal 2.2.7 Aluminum Industrial Waste (RED MUD) for removal of Lead 2.2.8 Removal of lead using particulate Slag Columns 2.2.9 Use of Crop Milling Waste for Lead Removal 2.2.10 Removal of Lead using Saponified Melon Peel Gel 2.2.11 Lead Removal from Tap water using POU devices 2.2.12 Use of Magneticenergy of pyrolysis cane bio-chars for removal of Pb 2.2.13 Study of liquid barrier membrane for Removal of Pb 2.2.14 Study on Removal of Lead using Oxidized Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes 2.2.15 Removal of Lead using Saudi Arabian clay 2.2.16 A Study on bigger-pore Diameter Nano Adsorbent for Detection of lead and Removal from Waste water 3.0 Inferences and Critical Opinion for Removal of Lead 4.0 Conclusion 5.0 References Report on Remediation Methods for Lead 1 Introduction Contamination of water with harmful elements is a major issue all over the world. Lead(Pb) the injuriouselement in waste or tap water which contaminates our water supply. The studies carried out in developed countries have reported different adverse symptoms in the discharge sites which includes brain disorder, risk of infertility, birth defects and skin disordersCITATION alD09 \l 1033 (Mathilde Cabral Aminata Toure, 2015) . It is poisonous in nature to biological life specially humans and animals, damages nervous system and major cause of brain disorders. It is neurotoxic and starts accumulating in blood and bones of human body CITATION Dal00 \l 1033 ( Daland R Juberg,, 2000). The chemistry of lead is similar to barium in the body specially accumulation property especially it is accumulated in the bones. CITATION Geo10 \l 1033 (Geological Survey (U.S.), 2010). The effects of lead on fetal are also well known. Since most fetal growth occurs during 90 days period. Studies showed th at increase in lead in the blood is associated with the lead contaminated water intakeCITATION GNg14 \t \l 1033 (G. Ngueta M. PrÃÆ'Ã ©vost, 2014). According to regulations set by EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) the threshold for lead in drinking water is 0.015ppm (or 15 ppb). Lead contamination can also occur through air borne dust. Researchers found that daily exposure of children to Lead (Pb) through house dust was estimated to be 100ÃâÃ mg/day CITATION Kum14 \l 1033 ( Kumiko Yamasaki, et al., 2014). Lead is a toxic metal and can be removed by various different methods. This study is based on the effects of lead and removal methods. 1 Sources of Lead Lead is present everywhere around in the environment. It is present in the form of dust, in metal containers which are lead welded and from natural sources during underground travel of water CITATION YNo01 \l 1033 (Nozaki, 2001). Lead in drinking water comes from corrosion of pipes, solder and alloys of lead plumbing. Lead alloys specially brass and bronze are major sources of lead in water. Leaching of lead in water depends on the quality of water. The pure or distilled water can dissolve lead more easily as compared to tap water CITATION Amy82 \l 1033 (Amy No Clair C. Patterson, November 1982). Therefore the risk involved in the contamination of water with lead is more after the treated water enters the house hold water supply. Studies shows thatPb concentrations ranged from 1 to 52 mg/L, with a mean of 11 mg/L in in the samples taken from the taps CITATION ClÃÆ'Ã ©12 \l 1033 (ClÃÆ'Ã ©ment Cartier Shokoufeh Nour, 15 October 2012). Similarly there is effect of temperature of e nvironment of the concentration of lead in water. During high temperatures more lead is suspected to be leached into the water as compared to low temperature in winter seasonsCITATION GNg141 \t \l 1033 (G. Ngueta M. PrÃÆ'Ã ©vost, December 2014). The areas in vicinity of lead acid batteries are more prone to exposure of lead and the lead levels in blood studied in different research showed the increased values CITATION Cao15 \l 1033 (Suzhen Duan, 2015). 1.2 Environmental and Health impacts of Lead Lead is one of the toxic chemicals to the human, animal and marine life. Lead proliferate in the hard tissues of human bodye.g. bones teeth etc. Studies have shown that the lead accumulation in the bones increases with the age CITATION KBE92 \l 1033 (K. BERCOVITZ D. LAUFER, 1992). In addition to mammals the deposition of lead was found in crops as well. Reports shows that plants have absorbed lead from underground water source and deposited it in seeds particularly those plants whose seed comes in consumption of humans are dangerous for health CITATION Eri15 \l 1033 (Erik Smolders Koen Oorts, 2015). Exposure of lead is usually from oral and respiratory routes. It was found that 10% of oral lead intake is stored in stomach in addition to deposition in bones CITATION Kaa15 \l 1033 (Kaare Lund Rasmussen Lilian Skytte, 2015). Children are more prone to the adverse effects of lead in their body and can absorb 50% of lead through oral intake. CITATION Mat15 \l 1033 (Sakthivel, 2015). The grown up human being may contain lead in the bones if was exposed to lead contaminated water in past. This deposition of lead in bone can also mobilize during pregnancy periods CITATION Kaa15 \l 1033 (Kaare Lund Rasmussen Lilian Skytte, 2015). Lead deposited in blood can retain in it for a month during this period it is filtered through kidneys at a very low rate. Blood level exceeding than 5Ã µg/dL poses health risk and medical attention is advised at level above 45Ã µg/dL for adults CITATION Jin15 \l 1033 (Jin-Ha Yoon Yeon-Soon Ahn, 2015). Safe level of lead in the living person depends on age. Children should be cared when level rises above 45Ã µg/dL. Higher level of lead can cause severe changes in brain functions leading to coma and death (NH Department of Environmental Sciences). Long term exposure to lead can cause joint pain, metallic taste, muscle pains, wrist drop and foot drop like symptoms CITATION Jin15 \l 1033 (Jin-Ha Yoon Yeon-Soon Ahn, 2015). Reproductive and development effects caused by lead are well known. Lead can easily travel through placenta and reach fetus where it can cause miscarriage, still birth and abortion CITATION Xij15 \l 1033 (Xijin Xu Xiaojuan Chen, 2015). It was found that lead has adverse effect on growth of fetus. Weight of fetus is also affected by presence of lead. During the latter stages this lead can affect the mental abilities and intelligence in the new born baby CITATION Jac14 \l 1033 (Jack Caravanos Russell Dowling, 2014). The effects are long lasting and come into notice after several years of birth. "I have therefore selected Lead(Pb) as the pollutant, to be treated/removed from water, in view of its environmental and healthimpacts on human lives, as described above.Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã 2 Removal of Lead from water Lead can be removed from water by implying different chemical and physical methods. Chemical methods usually imply some sort of reaction with the lead to make it insoluble in water CITATION Nih04 \l 1033 (Nihal BektaÃâÃ ¸s Serdar Kara, 2004). Physical methods utilize the techniques of removing lead by filtering out the element using semi permeable membrane like Reverse Osmosis. Advance research on some other methods like adsorption on selective adsorbents is also in progress and will be discussed in detail. 2.1 Conventional Method of Lead Removal Conventional method if used for removal of lead can be useful to an extent and are unable to remove lead completely from water. Few of them as discussed below 2.1.1 Ion-Exchange for Lead Removal Lead is present in the form of Pb+2 in water CITATION Kun15 \l 1033 (Kunashegaran Hamsawahini, 2015).Lead is made to react with chloride ions to form lead chloride which is water insoluble and can be further removed by simple sand filtration method. Lead removal by this method depends on few factors like interaction of lead ions in ion-exchanger unit, functional groups, temperature and cross linking. If complexes in the solution form it will further complicate the ion exchange process CITATION Zbi12 \l 1033 (Zbigniew Hubicki and Dorota KoÃâ¦Ã¢â¬Å¡odyÃâ¦Ã¢â¬Å¾ska , 2012). Limitation of ion exchange method involves the slow kinetics which is the result of poor wetting ability and exposed surface area of aqueous solutions. This results in loss of anions which are responsible for removal of lead. Inter-polymerization technique can be used for improvement in ion exchange CITATION Ryo15 \l 1033 (Ryoko M. Uda, 2015). 2.1.2 Reverse Osmosis Reverse osmosis system utilizes a semipermeable mem...
Monday, May 18, 2020
Introduction The MBT, the NEO-ipip Big Five Personality, and the VIA Character Strengths Survey are three personality inventories that can help to show people what traits they have and do not have, and what traits they should try to lessen or work on. My findings from these tests showed me some things that I knew and agreed with, however, I also got some results that were surprising and made me think about how I come across and who I am as a person. Findings from Each of the Inventories MBTI My four-letter MBTI profile is ISFJ. Big Five My score on Extraversion was 8. The facets of Extraversion and what I got on each are Friendliness 3, Gregariousness 2, Assertiveness 28, Activity Level 90, Excitement Level 8, and Cheerfulness 12. My score on Agreeableness was 86. The facets of Agreeableness and what I got on each are Trust 95, Morality 45, Altruism 79, Cooperation 44, Modesty 86, and Sympathy 79. My score on Conscientiousness was 51. The facets of Conscientiousness and what I got on each are Self-Efficacy 21, Orderliness 68, Dutifulness 72, Achievement-Striving 81, Self-Discipline 91, and Cautiousness 1. My score on Neuroticism was 99. The facets of Neuroticism and what I got on each are Anxiety 98, Anger 94, Depression 94, Self-Consciousness 89, Immoderation 87, and Vulnerability 99. My score on Openness to Experience was 1. The facets of Openness to Experience and what I got on each are Imagination 14, Artistic Interests 1, Emotionality 70, Adventurousness 1,
Saturday, May 16, 2020
MARS, also known as molecular absorbent recirculating system, originally was a machine designed to give patients suffering from chronic liver failure a bridge to transplant and increase their chances of survival. MARS has proven to be quite successful among this group of patients. Ã¢â¬Å"MARS was first approved by the FDA in 2005 for use in drug overdoses and then received an additional indication for use in hepatic encephalopathy due to decompensated chronic liver disease in 2012.Ã¢â¬ (Hannish, et al., 2017) MARS is generally used in patients with a primary hepatic failure and not liver failure due to systemic illness. However this still leaves the group of patients diagnosed with acute liver failure as a result of trauma, poisoning, or overdose.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It has also been used on patients who have overdosed on cocaine, amphetamines, and mdma but is not widely used on patients suffering from an overdose on those specific illicit drugs. Nurses and doctors will immediately assess the patient and run labs to determine the extent of liver damage and whether they qualify for MARS therapy. These labs include, serum lactate, Creatinine, albumin, AST, ALT, INR, PTT, and ammonia levels. Patients are also placed on continuous EEG monitoring. MARS is an albumin-based therapy whereby albumin dialysis is the process of cleansing the blood of protein-bound toxins by exposing the blood to an albumin dialysate and, thus extracting the toxins from blood protein carriers. The reason behind this phenomenon is a direct result of filtering blood with albumin bound proteins in an albumin solution. This forces the toxins to separate from the albumin in the blood and essentially cleanse the patients blood of all the poison or drug (Mcready,2009). The biological toxins that build up within the bloodstream are detrimental to the other organs and most often result in multi organ failure. Ridding the body of these toxins as quickly as possible increases a patients chances for survival. McCready (2009) describes the purpose of MARS, as an Albumin dialysis for the treatment of liver failure. Liver failure occurs when there is a lossShow MoreRelatedEssay on Water on Mars1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWater and Life on Mars Mars perhaps first caught public interest in the late 1870s, when Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli reported using a telescope to observe canali, or channels, on Mars. By the turn of the century, popular songs told of sending messages between Earth and Mars by means of huge signal mirrors. On a darker side, H.G. Wells 1898 novel The War of the Worlds portrayed an invasion of Earth by technologically superior Martians desperate for water. (1) In the early 1900sRead MoreMars Campaign Essay1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis study describes a capability-driven approach to a Mars campaign. Explain in your own words what this means and cite specific examples from the text to support your explanation. One major feat NASA is trying to accomplish, is successfully sending human to Mars. This challenge poses many difficulties besides just safely sending humans to Mars and returning them back to Earth. NASA is searching for a plan to make this mission as efficient and dependable as possible, and this is where the capability-drivenRead MoreEssay on Mars And Venus1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMars And Venus I am following up on the book of , Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus. by John Gray. Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus was been a very interesting book. The book brought up some very interesting facts about both sexes. While also remaining very general to cover basically everyone and simple for everyone to understand. So simple in fact that I saw everything in there as being common sense; but also at the same time being hidden from the obviousRead MoreEssay on The Mars Experience493 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesThe Mars Experience One night I was in my bed dreaming about my dream vacation, the red planet, Mars. In my dream I did many wonderful things. I climbed large mountains, swam in volcanoes, and was chased by insane martian animals. I took off by myself at New Yorks Universal Space Station in my brand new luxury spaceship. After about a day of enjoyable flying I arrived at Mars. After gaining clearance, I took the massive ship in for a smooth landing at Mars Universal Space Port. ThereRead MoreA Message to the Humans on Mars Essay1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"I dont know why youre on MarsÃ¢â¬ ¦ But whatever the reason youre on Mars is, Im glad youre there. And I wish I was with you.Ã¢â¬ That is part of the recorded message astrophysicist Carl Sagan left to the future humans on Mars, a few months before his death in 1966. On average, Mars is approximately 140 million miles away from Earth; 250 million at its furthest point and 30 million at its shortest. If you were to take the shortest possible non-stop trip to Mars and back with our current technologyRead MoreEssay about Life On Mars1022 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Life on Mars If life ever evolved on any of the other planets, Mars is the likeliest candidate. After Earth, Mars is the planet with the most hospitable climate in the solar system. So hospitable that it may once have inhabited primitive, bacteria-like life. Outflow channels and other geologic features provide extensive evidence that billions of years ago liquid water flowed on the surface of Mars. Continuing changes is an accomplishment in modern American technology and it gives the world a stepRead MoreEssay about Mars and the Earth3142 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesMars and the Earth Geologists study the surface of both Mars and Earth by using interplanetary comparative analysis to further their understanding of the two planets. In some ways, Mars resembles Earth. Features on Mars such as an atmosphere, a wind-modified surface, near-surface water, volcanism, seasons, ice caps, dust storms, and channels can be found on Earth as well, albeit slightly different in origination or intensity. Despite their similarities, their differences are profound.Read More Mars, The Red Planet Essay examples578 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Mars, itÃ¢â¬â¢s where aliens come from, a Hollywood Sci-Fi mainstay, the mysterious red planet. But, what is Mars really? Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun, orbiting 227,940,000 km away. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s diameter of 6,794 km and mass of 6.4219e23 kg, makes it the seventh largest planet in our solar system. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Mars, which is the Greek name for the god of War, probably got this name due to itÃ¢â¬â¢s red color, and is often referred to as the red planet. What makes Mars look red? MarsÃ¢â¬â¢ atmosphereRead MoreMars, Inc Essay716 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAbstract Mars Inc. is one of the worldsÃ¢â¬â¢ leading snack food companies, but people are becoming more aware of the health risks associated with eating a steady supply of candy. Recommendations to add alternatives in products, and researching ways to make existing products more health minded would be essential to appeasing the consumers, and in guarantee that profits will not suffer. The Problem Mars Inc. is one of the largest confectionary businesses in the world. Products of Mars Inc. productsRead More Comparing A Cage of butterflies to Mission to mars Essay856 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof science fiction. The two texts, quot;A cage of butterfliesquot; by Brain Caswell and quot;Mission to Marsquot; by Brian de Palmer, both of which conform to science fiction. The technology used in quot;A cage of butterfliesquot; is of extremely high standard and produces a theme that prophesises about experimentation and mutations occurring on humans. The theme in quot;Mission to Marsquot; is about discovery, communication and reaching out to other life forms. In quot;A cage of butterfliesquot;
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
cloning of plasmid-EZH2 Gene into pBluescript II KS+ plasmid with corresponding Histidine tag for potential analysis Abstract The EZH2 (enhance of zeste homolog2) is an enzyme that in humans is fixed by EZH2 and its supply the informationÃ¢â¬â¢s about making of enzyme called a histone methyltransferase In this experiment PCR2 was examined whilst the EZH2 contributes to chemical modification. This resulted in repression. The aim of the study was to re-clone the EZH2 gene from 5Ã¢â¬â¢ to 3Ã¢â¬â¢ into another plasmid with pBluescript II KS fusing together with EZH2 moving forward. The histidine tags originate in the plasmid. Methods used encountered E.coli transformation, PCR, restriction enzymes, plasmid mini-preps and agarose gel electrophoresis. The end result lead to a 3Ã¢â¬â¢ to 5Ã¢â¬â¢ of EZH2 inserts. There was a good link which showed that the returning agar plate ensured that the collection of colonies consisted of forward oriented inserts. INTRODUCTION The EZH2 (enhance of zeste homolog2) is an enzyme that in humans is fixed by EZH2 and its supply the informationÃ¢â¬â¢s about making of enzyme called a histone me-thyltransferase. The ploycomb group (PcG) is a protein with the catalytic subunit of the PRC2 (polycomb repressive complex) which the transcriptional involved in maintaining the repressive of genes cells and also the EZH2 mainly performs as a silence gene. The EZH2 performs the role by addition of methyl groups on the ly-sine 27 of histone H3, a modification leading chromatin
Advantages/Disadvantages One disadvantage of theory integration the possibility of the wrong mixture of theories by criminologist which could increase the odds of a person gravitating towards criminality increase (Frame, 2009). Another disadvantage with integration is variables get missed and vital information is left out. Finally, integration can lead to misconceptions of theories. The advantage of integration different theories is that decreases repetition where two theories are relaying the same message with different opinions. Another advantage is that integration brings consistency to theories Future of Theory Integration Theory integration requires goals in order to make an impact on the future of criminology. According to Muftic (2009), the first goal of integration is theory reduction. Reducing the number of theories that basically explain the same behavior reduces the competition amongst researchers as well as inconsistency in theories. A second goal is to increase explained variance. Increasing the explained variance allows for more support of a theory as it is related to crime prevention and treatment. As with most theories there are advantages and disadvantages. Theory integration has advantages that will play an important part in the future of criminology. One advantage is the use of linking propositions such as sequential integration. This theory integration links the immediate cause of crime to a more distant cause of crime and that to an even moreShow MoreRelatedThe Role Of Criminology And The Future Of Criminology1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescriminologist have co nsidered theory integration important for the future of criminology due to the flourishment of crimes in society. Researchers have begun to study crime and the punishments associated with specific crimes that do not include trust crimes such as fraud, workplace theft or income tax invasion. However, they are studying an array of criminal behaviors that involve illicit and illegal behaviors in an effort to establish how important integrated theory will affect the future of criminologyRead MoreThe Supply Chain Of Zara Essay1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessatisfies them. One of zara s disadvantages is its strategy of introducing new items with great frequency, also to lower the risk if an item doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t sold they produce items in smaller batches.. But smaller batches lead to exclusivity, so they are not restocked with another shipment when items sold out. Items can appear and disappear within a week if it is popular. Consumers have to buy items that they like or they will miss it out. Also zara have some advantages as an example, fast at Zara meansRead MoreAdvantages and Disadvantages of Regional Integration in Business1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAdvantages and disadvantages of regional integration Introduction The chosen trading bloc is the EU. Spain is a member of the European Union. The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 member nations which are located in Europe. The EU was formed the Maastricht Treaty in the year 1993 and it operates through a system of a common market and customs union for the member states who also share a common currency the Euro. The EU is at the sixth and penultimate stage of economic integrationRead MoreEuropean Military Integration Of The United States768 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEuropean Military Integration For 65 years, Europe has had its military policy tied to that of the United States through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). During much of this period European and U.S. security interests were aligned against a common threat in the USSR. However, the era following the collapse of the Soviet Union has been marked by a European shift away from national sovereignty and towards a more integrated Europe. This can be most notably observed by the adoption ofRead MoreVertical Integration For Degree Of Master Of Engineering1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Vertical Integration in Wireless Networks By KRISHNA SHESHA SAI KOLANUPAKA (B00688097) Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ENGINEERING Major Subject: Internetworking At DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY Halifax, Nova Scotia, September, 2015. Ã © Copyright by your Krishna Shesha Sai Kolanupaka, 2015. Faculty of Engineering Internetworking The undersigned hereby certify that they haveRead MoreEu vs Nafta1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescompare the level of integration of * Free Trade Area: No tariff between member countries and external trade barriers remain and vary from country to country * Custom Union: No tariff between member * Common Market: No tariff between member countries and external trade barrier and free movement capital and labor within the common market * Economic Union: Common market, single currency, common monetary and fiscal policy 2) To compare the impact of integration Both the EU and theRead MoreA Study On Substance Abuse1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto get further training in other techniques, this led to what we now call eclectic and integrative psychotherapy. In these forms of therapy, the psychologist borrows from different approaches to therapy to better help a particular person. The integration of various schools of psychotherapy has been in the making for several decades, the reason it took so long to be taken seriously is because of the competition between different schools. A good example of this is during Freudian times when thereRead MoreToday, More Than Ever, The Ceo Of Wal-Mart Has To Undertake1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfor change is dependent on the CEO ability to take advantages of the strategies recommended. For instance, Wal-Mart must exploit innovation and use technology to increase sales, also to build stronger relationships with customers. This paper will evaluate whether Wal-Mart is maturing or declining in the retail industry on its evolution history. In addition to using Porter s National Diamond and Boston Consulting Group to assess vertical integration and strategic position. Is Wal-MartsRead MoreMonopolistic Advantage Theory Essay944 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMonopolistic Advantage Theory an approach in international business which explains why a particular national firm is able to compete with indigenous competitors in overseas market. He started by looking at international investments which classified into two: portfolio investment and direct investment. Control is the key factor which differentiates one another. If the investor directly controls the foreign enterprise, his investment is called a direct investment. If he does not control it, his investmentRead MoreHow And Who Makes Strategy At The Corporate Level1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschief executive officer (CEO) board of directors, corporate staff whose responsibility to supervise the strategic development and to make sure that business strategies are followed correctly with maximizing profitability and sustain competitive advantage. Strategic managers decide in which businesses and industries a company should compete, which value creation activities it should perform, and how it should enter, consolidate, or exit in order to create corporate level strategy. While a company
Questions: Performance objective You must demonstrate your ability to research and develop a set of guidelines for an induction program that complies with, and addresses, the induction policy and procedures of your subject organisation. Assessment description Research, develop and write a set of guidelines for a one-day induction program at your organisation, an organisation with which you are familiar or an organisation approved by your assessor. Your guidelines need to reflect current research and comply with relevant legislation. The induction guidelines need to include: induction program training methods and support overseeing of probationary employees. Research may include examination of existing induction processes, documents, interviewing organisations, consulting experienced Human Resource personnel or managers, reading reference materials and Internet research. Procedure 1. Conduct research on induction procedures and program content.2. Draft policy statement, objectives, program outline, procedures and documents for each stage of induction process that suit the organisation and comply with relevant legislation.3. Consult relevant workplace personnel for feedback on guidelines.4. Refine and edit guidelines.5. Ensure all sources are referenced correctly.6. Write final copy of guidelines following format stated in the following specifications. Answers: Induction Process Project Introduction: In recent business environment, it is very important to take effective measures in order to increase the efficiency and the productivity of an organisation. It is known that the employees are one of the critical success factors of an organisation. The human resource can effectively influence the performance of an organisation. Thus it is very important to take effective measures in order to manage the human resource in a corporation. The induction programme is one of the effective tools for managing the human resource in an organisation. The induction programme is basically a process that is used for welcoming new employees in the company and they can be prepared for their roles and responsibilities in the organisation. The main aim of this assignment is to assess and present the induction programme that is taken in one of the departmental chain stores in Australia, Target Australia. Brief Organisation Profile: Target Australia Pty Ltd is one of the departmental store chains in Australia that is owned by the Wesfarmers group. There are many stores of the company all over Australia. It basically operates 125 target country stores and 183 target stores in Australia. The national store support office is located is North Geelong in Victoria. The organisations sell various products including consumer electronics, electrical products, homewares, toys, cosmetics and clothing. The organisation was opened first by Alex and George Lindsay in Geelong selling furnishings, fabrics and dress. Afterwards the store expanded in other regions as well.Target Australia is one of the prominent organisations in Australia at present with the chain stores all over the country. In case of retail stores it is very important that the employees are provided effective induction programme for efficiently catering to the needs of the consumers. Thus the induction programme that needs to be undertaken in the organisation can be discussed here. 1. Induction Policy Statement and Objectives: The organisation is committed in inducing all the volunteers and the employees to integrate effectively within the organisation and the programme can help in smooth integration of the employees in their roles in order to be competent operationally. The induction policy should be well planned. The induction programme should help the employees in learning about the organisation and their culture. The main purpose or the objective of the induction programme is to help the employees in smoothly making transitions in the organisation. Induction Program: The induction programme can be very effective for increasing the efficiency of the employees within the organisation. The induction programme can be used for the training and development. It is known that the employees should have knowledge regarding the health and safety measures within an organisation and thus it should be included in the training programme as well. In case of retail or any service industry, the satisfaction of the consumers should be taken into consideration and thus appropriate training programme in that context should be presented. The OHS (Occupational Safety and Health) regulations provided by the Australian government needs to be considered and training should be provided to the employees. It is known that the employee recruitment is only the beginning of the employee and organisational relationship. Thus the induction programme is very important for maintaining a long-term relationship with the employees. The induction programme usually spreads over a few we eks. 2. Program Outline with Session Titles, Facilitators, Location, Times, Methods of Delivery: The induction programme should be carefully planned for welcoming the new employees in the organisation and for making smooth transition of the employees within the organisation. The induction programme can be divided into multiple sessions for the employees. The induction programme sessions can be presented here. Session 1- Introduction session: In the first session the employees should be introduced within the organisation. In the first session the introduction and welcoming of all the employees would be conducted. In this session the information regarding the organisation and its past achievements can be discussed. The employees can also share their feelings in terms of joining the organisation. In this session the goals, objectives, missions and the visions of the company should be shared with the employees. Session 2- Organisational Culture and Structure: In the second session the training should be given on the structure and the culture of the organisation. In the second session, the rules regulations that are followed in the organisation. The ethical code of conduct should be communicated with the employees along with the policies of the company. The roles and responsibilities of the employees within the organisation should be discussed in this session. Session 3- Dealing with Customers: In the third session, the employees should be trained in terms of dealing with the consumers. In the service industry, the satisfaction of the consumers is very important and thus the knowledge of the products and services and how to deal with the consumers should be provided to the employees. Session 4 - Health and Safety Training: in the fourth training session, the health and safety measure training should be provided to the employees. The employees need to be educated regarding the existing policies of the company for the health and safety measures. Each session for induction will be conducted within the organisation and the facilitators will the managers of the company. The entire induction programme will last for one month. The method that will be used for the delivery of the training programme will include direct communication as well as written guidelines. The employees can be communicated with the help of charts and diagrams and presentations as well. 3. Induction Toolkit Contents Checklist: It is known that the preparation of the employees for the first day and for beyond is one of the significant activities conducted by an organisation. The employees should be helped in making smooth transition in the organisation and thus induction toolkit can be used for increasing the efficiency and the effectiveness of the process. The induction toolkit basically offers the hints and tips staff induction. In the induction toolkit the following guidelines will be provided. These are, Induction policy Induction process map Induction guidelines Hints and tips for successful induction Must do activities for the new staff Organisational structure Welcome booklet Projectors, chairs, and DVD players 4. Induction Process Checklist to Evaluation Form: In the following section the induction process checklist is provided for the evaluation of the employees. Introduction: the introduction of the employees within the organisation. General information: provisioning of information to the employees regarding the organisation. Communication of the aims and objectives: the aims and objectives of the organisation should be communicated Code of conduct: educating the employees regarding the codes of conduct Health and safety: educating on the accident reporting procedures, first aid locations, medical facilities, fault and hazard reporting procedures, safe working practices etc. They should meet the safety representatives of the organisation. Awareness of protocols and procedures: HR procedures and policies, departmental objectives and priorities, local protocols and procedures in relation to the job roles and responsibilities. Review Induction: the progress and the performance of the induction programme needs to be reviewed. Here the evaluation form template can be provided here. During the first few weeks/months of starting work: Please rate the following aspects of your induction, by ticking the appropriate response: Good Adequate Unsatisfactory First day work arrangement Provisioning of information by area/department Introduction to the area/department and its processes (including safety and health) Introduction to the responsibilities and the duties Introduction to main procedures of the organisation 2. Provide your opinion regarding the induction programme that is undertaken by the organsiation. 3. Is there any aspect of the day-to-day operations that needs to be explored or discussed? 4. Do you need any additional training that has not been covered yet by the organisation? 5. Are there any further information and events on various topics issues that u think needs to be covered in the induction process? Induction Training and Support: Training and support is one of the significant part of the induction programme. In the induction programme the employees are given the required training in order to integrate smoothly in the organisation so that they can perform effectively and maximise the benefits of the organisation. Objectives based on organisational policy: It is very important that the induction programme should be based on the overall objectives of the company. That means the induction programme should be aligned with the goals of the company. The main objective of the company is to maintain harmony within the organisation and providing high quality service to the consumers. One of the aims of the company is to increase the market share of the company in the industry and thus induction programmes should take that into consideration as well. Training tasks: There are various tasks that can be given during the training period. The employees can be asked to perform trial provision of service with the office staff. Afterwards they can perform similar task with the actual consumers where they serve the customers. So the training task can be given to the employees during the induction programme. List of Staff and Methods for Training Staff: The staff members included in the induction programme will be the floor manager, the human resource manager and other experienced staff members of the organisation. There are various methods that can be used for training the employees or the staff. The company can employ hands-on training to the employees. They can be coached regarding the processes and demonstrations can be presented as well. Checklists for Facilitating Training: In order to facilitate the training, the checklist of facilitating training cans be given here. Training Checklist Check Agenda Schedule of the training Materials requirement for the training Availability of the trainers Selection of Time and date of the facilitation of training Training Evaluation Form: Now the training evaluation form can be presented as well. Agree Neutral Disagree There was clear definition of the objectives of the training The communication and interaction process was effective The materials and the tools used in the training were helpful The training provided here was useful The time was sufficient for the training programme The process of training was effective Q1. What were the things that u liked about the training? Q2. What are the improvements that can be incorporated in the training? Q3. Provide your feedback about the training. Overseeing of Probationary Employees: The probation is the main function for ensuring that the employees understand that their roles and responsibilities within the company. The employees should be kept in a probation period for one month and then their performance should be evaluated and decision needs to be made. Probation Procedure: The probation process includes the performance review of the employees for the month. During the probation period each and every employee should be assessed using fair and consistent framework. After the probation period is over the organisation need to take decisions, whether the employees will be confirmed for their appointment or not. Checklist for Procedure: In the following table the probation procedure checklist can be provided. Probation Checklist Check Agenda Schedule of the probation (duration) The establishment of standards for the employees Impact of not meeting the standards The probationers involved in the process Written report of probation Probation Process Evaluation Form: Here the probation evaluation form can be provided as well. Agree Neutral Disagree There was clear definition of the objectives of the probation The measures taken for the process of performance evaluation were effective The methods used for probation were efficient The employees were provided clear guidelines in terms of probation The methods used for evaluation included unbiased measures There was clear communication with the employees Q1. Were you given the information regarding the probation process? Q2. Did you know the performance standards that need to be achieved during the probation period? Q3. Are there any issues that you faced in terms of the policy of probation? References ACAS,. 2015.Recruitment And Induction. Ebook. 1st ed. https://www.acas.org.uk/media/pdf/8/d/Recruitment-and-induction-advisory-booklet.pdf. FacilitatorS Toolkit. 2015. Ebook. 1st ed. https://www.unhcr.org/4371d7c92.pdf. Go2itech.org,. 2015. 'Training Toolkit - Coordination - Forms And Checklists'. https://www.go2itech.org/HTML/TT06/toolkit/coordination/checklists.html. Janssens, Maddy, and Chris Steyaert. 2009. 'HRM And Performance: A Plea For Reflexivity In HRM Studies'.Journal Of Management Studies46 (1): 143-155. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.2008.00812.x. Mondy, R. Wayne, Robert M Noe, and Mary Gowan. 2005.Human Resource Management. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Staff.mq.edu.au,. 2015. 'Induction Toolkit - Staff - Macquarie University'. https://staff.mq.edu.au/human_resources/recruit_and_induct_new_staff/induction_toolkit/. Target Australia,. 2015. 'Target Online Shopping | Target Australia'. https://www.target.com.au/. TrainingEvaluationForm. 2015. Ebook. 1st ed. https://www.cal.org/caelanetwork/profdev/states/iowa/training-evaluation.pdf. Trainingtoday.blr.com,. 2015. 'How To Choose The Most Effective Training Techniques'. https://trainingtoday.blr.com/employee-training-resources/How-to-Choose-the-Most-Effective-Training-Techniques. Www2.hull.ac.uk,. 2015. 'Departmental Induction Toolkit - University Of Hull'. https://www2.hull.ac.uk/administration/staffinduction/inductiontoolkit.aspx. York.ac.uk,. 2015. 'Probation - Procedures - Human Resources - The University Of York'. https://www.york.ac.uk/admin/hr/resources/policy/probation/. Appendix Outcomes Assessment specification Satisfactory Yes No Did candidate submit a bound copy of Induction guidelines? Did candidate submit project by specified deadline? Performance Indicators Assessment specification Satisfactory Yes No Introduction Did introduction contain: brief organisation profile induction policy statement induction objectives. Induction program Did induction program contain: program outline with session titles, location, times, methods of delivery induction process checklist checklist for induction kit evaluation form. Training and support Did guidelines contain: objectives training tasks list of induction staff and methods for training checklists for procedures training evaluation form. Overseeing probationary employees Did guidelines contain: objectives probation procedure checklist for probation probation evaluation form. Did guidelines closely follow the format: Title page Contents Introduction Induction program Training and support Overseeing probationary employees Appendix. Were guidelines written clearly in plain English? Comments/feedback to participant Outcome: o Successful o Unsuccessful Assessor name: Assessor signature: